In the photo of the left shows us how the Vic’s promenade was at 1882 one day of market: there were some buildings, most of them houses. There were only little familiar shops because the big boutiques hadn’t exist by then.
In the photo of the right it also shows the Vic’s promenade but in the actuality, 2019. Most of the shops are franchises, the buildings are bigger and more completed.
In the photo on our left we can see how the train station (Vic) was in 1446: the train station was surrounded by houses and in front there was a square. In the photo on the right in February 2019: the station is in operation but over the years it has grown considerably since today a lot of people use the train. Trade has also grown around them and the square has become a road with a roundabout. They have even built the university very close.
Hello we are Pol Casassas, Biel Roca and Ernest Ceballos and we are three students from Osona, Catalonia. We are studying 4th of ESO in Institut de Gurb. Osona is situated in the center of Catalonia, the northeast of Spain.
In this webside you can find the evolucion of industrial landscape in Osona. We have dedicated a lot of time in this project and we hope you like it a lot and we also hope that this project can help you.
We are the students of Gurb, we are in the 4th year of ESO. We did a project to look at the differences between past and present of the industry of our city. This work is aimed at people who are interested in the history of their municipality and how it can be in the future.
The Osona region has changed a lot over the years, especially industrial landscapes. In this work we will present the differences between before and after of Vic and Gurb, and, through the results, we will try to deduct what the landscape of the region will be in a few years.
To begin, we made some hypothesis. We thought that, in the past, there were not even cars, or so many factories. We also thought that the urban nucleus were much smaller and that many people lived in farmhouses. We think that the majority of the surface of the region was covered by fields and that the few factories were made of bricks and they did not have windows. As for the future, our hypothesis is: in the future there will be few fields and many factories, almost all of the landscape will be urban and dominated by renewable energy, and all transport will be renewable.
To check our hipotesis, we divided in groups, each group was in charge of looking for different things. The sections were: maps, photos, interviews, timeline and news. The groups of the photos and the maps looked for copies, they search it in archives and books of the past and present to make the comparison to think how the future could be. The group of the interview, they interview people who have long been in the workplace and can compare their work when they started and how it is now. The group of the timeline looked for news and important facts of the last two hundred years to put them in a timeline. To finish, the news group, they were in charge of look in the old most important newspaper and their images
During the 1950s, many events related to the industrial revolution had happened. The first important date that happened in Europe was in 1965, where they signed the treaty of merging of the European communities. A fact that happened in Catalonia that improved the quality of life of many families was the formation of the association of Sant Tomàs. Two years later, remains of the castle are discovered at the top of the Gurb Cross Mountain. In the same year, a new sculpture by Joan Miró was inaugurated: “Model for Woman, bird and a star”. Equatorial Guinea of Spain was also independent while in London the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (non-nuclear weapons) was signed in London by triplicate, In 1969 they awarded Jordi Rubió i Balaguer the first Prize of Honor for Catalan Letters. In Spain, however, ETA began to do terrorist activities. Europe made the goal of creating the euro official, but it was not finally done. In Vic, Girbau opened in 1971 and in Catalonia, the Assemblea de Catalunya opposes Franco’s dictatorship. In 1974 Vic was built the first industrial estate. This caused that many factories were allowed in the same place. In Europe there was a revolution of red carnations in Portugal. The following year was a very important year. Official language was declared Catalan, General Francisco Franco died and the European Space Agency began to function. For a few years, there were not many facts that stood out much. The most important were: in 1981 there was a coup d’etat in Spain, in 1983 Gurb opened Casa Tarradellas and in 1986 Spain entered the European Community. In 1991, by Vic, it was a very tough year since there was an attack on the barracks of the civil guard where 10 people and 44 wounded died, while the Soviet Union (Soviet Union Socialist Republics) disappeared in Europe, . The following year in Barcelona there were the Olympic Games where twenty thousand permanent jobs were created and forty thousand temporary jobs and the economic impact was thirteen billion euros directly and indirectly twenty million of euros. In the vicinity, during the Olympic games, he hosted roller hockey competitions. In Spain also a great advance with the transport, since the first high-speed train was inaugurated. Little happened until 1997, where Spain entered NATO (Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty). After that, we came to the 21st century, where the euro was finally established as the official currency in Europe. Two years later in Spain there was a terrorist attack in Madrid. Finally, we arrive in 2005 where Gurb opened Llet Pascual, legalization of marriage of same sex throughout Spain and in London there were two very serious attacks where 52 people died and many other people was injured.The following year in Catalonia won the elections Artur Mas. In recent years, little happened until 2009 a treaty was signed in London for the crisis to end. In 2010, thousands of people go to different cities to express themselves for real democracy. In 2012, London is the first city where the Olympics were celebrated three times. Two years later, King Juan Carlos I retired after 39 years because of the health problems he had. That same year, for the first time an artifact manages to land on a comet, launched by the European Space Agency. In 2016, Britain decided to leave the European Union with 52% of votes in favor. The following year he was a coup in Catalonia since a referendum was made where many civil guards attacked and hurt a lot of people just to stop these voting. Because of this, 11 politicians and the bosses of the squad were jailed unjustly. Meanwhile, in Spain an attack of a Chinese virus was affected that affected to thousands of computer of many companies. One very important news that Italy received in 2018 was the discovery of a saltwater lake in the subsoil of Mars.
Between 1880s and 1950, a series of events related with industrial revolution and evolution happened. First of all, in 1880, we can see that Gurb grows the number of workers in Malars, since labor in Osona was cheaper than in Barcelona and therefore, many people went to the region. This caused that in 1890 the colony of Borgonyà was constructed in the basin of Ter. While this colony took shape, in France Charles de Gualle, a French politician and president, waborn.s The following year, the Sucre Factory was built in Vic, one of the two in Catalonia.
The purpose of this factory was the production of sugar, but due to the failure of the business, it became a soup shop factory. Between 1891 and 1892 there was an economic crisis in Spain, which caused some manufacturers to take advantage of this crisis to renew machining in the industry and, therefore, many workers were unemployed. In 1895, the war began in Cuba against Spanish rule. Due to this Carlist war, many people of Gurb had to go to fight the War of Cuba. In that same year, he was born in Murcia, Juan de la Cierva, a man who later invented the autogir and was the announcer of the helicopter.
A year later, la Farinera de Vic was built, which, at that time, was used for the production of sausages. This same year, in 1896, there were the Olympic Games in Athens, and it should be noted that they were the first modern Olympics.
In 1898, Spain declared war in the United States and, because of that, the country lost the colonies of Cuba, the Philippines and Puerto Rico.
In 1910 the new train station was built in Vic, the same year that the Spanish government authorised women to study at the University, which until then had not been possible.
In 1912, the year in which the Spanish president José Canalejas was assassinated at the Puerta del Sol, the San Bartolomé road began to be built, which passes through Gurb and is the main road.
A few years later, in 1929, the first midwife for pregnant women appeared in Gurb.
In 1931, with the Second Republic, Catalonia was able to recover the institutions and, furthermore, Catalan was approved as the official language, avery important fact for the native Catalans. In the same year, apart from the approval of the Catalan language, Spain gave women the right to vote, one of the other important points for the evolution of the country.
The Spanish Civil War began in 1936 and lasted until 1939. During this time, the Vic Sugar Factory was used to manufacture aircraft engines. Besides, with the beginning of this stage, the working classes gain power over the factories.
When the Spanish Civil War ended, the Second World War, which lasted until 1945, began internationally. In the middle of this period of wars, in 1942, the Spanish poet Miguel Hernándezdied in the infirmary of a prison in Alicante.
Finally, in 1950, and after the end of the Second World War, there were the first migratory movements towards Vic, thanks to its economic activity.
1st INTERVIEWED (Woman, 47 years old , more or less, 30 years working on a factory)
How many years did you work in an industrial factory?
I didn’t work full years because I was a temporary worker: I was working with very short contracts. I maybe worked there for about two years: I finished a contract and then, after a month or something like this, they called me back. I worked in different factories.
At what age did you start? And finished?
I started working in a factory in summer when i was 18 years old. It was La Piara in Manlleu, and I was there for a month. A long time later I spent about 6 months at Casa Tarradellas. Then I moved to Sabadell, and there I worked in more factories. I finished working in factories when I was 20 or 21.
Why did you leave the factories?
Because I finished my studies.
Which type of factories did you work for?
Most of them were from the food sector.
Are they still open?
Were there more women or men working?
There were more women, but it was curious because women didn’t do the same work as men.
So the highest chargers were given to the men, right?
Yes, I remember that in Casa Tarradellas all women were working in the assembly lines, but the people in charge were men.
Which was your charge?
I was an operary
Which was your time-table?
It depended on the contract. I normally did the night or afternoon time, when I had no classes in the university.
Do you think were you well paid for all the hours you did?
The pity is that I worked when the “boom” of temporary companies was at its best, and it seemed that you had a good salary (€ 1000 or more), but when you saw the payroll you realized that you quoted little for social security, which in the long run is bad for you because it makes your pension lower.
Was there any robotic machine?
There were machines, but not robots like now, with arms and things like this. There were many things we had to do by our own.
( Men 47 years old, he work in a factory across 15 years)
1.Introduction to yourself.
My name is Jason Scaricaciottoli, I’m 47 years old. I was born in Camden, New Jersey, USA, and now i live i Vic, Catalunya. I am a professional cooker and right now I am working in an ice cream
2.Have you worked in a factory or its your first one?
I’ve never currently worked in a industry or a factory, but the only factori I’ve ever work is here were we produce ice cream but not on a great scale, on a small scale.
3.What type of factory are you working now or you have worked?
I’ve only worked in a ice cream factory before.
4.What type of factory are you in? (sector(carnic,agrari,textil…)
The factory I’am working is a food factory
5.All do you will be the next owner, why do you like to do this job?
There are many reasons why I like what I do it’s because one, we make a product that is very dives and people really appreciate and like our products.
6.The salaries of the factory are reasonable or very poor
I think the salary for what a person makes in a factory is low but the cost of living is also low it kind of equals itself out but I would say that the base salary in Spain is low.
7.How many years have you been working in the factory / industry?
I’ve been working 16 years working in the ice cream factory.
8.Is the schedule that you follow now different from that of x years ago?
The Questions between 8 to 15 are in this video : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYV4aAR65_Y&feature=youtu.be
The hours are normal during the week but during the weekends we work saturday and sundays which normally factories don’t really work, but other that that we work all summer and in winter we have a little break.
All began in 1827, in Gurb, in the colony of Malars, located between the River Ter and the Gurri to take advantage of the water and generate hydraulic energy. In this year a fleet of French, British and Russian, defeated the naval forces of Ibrahim Bajá, who directed the fight against the Greeks for their independence. In 1855, the first general strike of workers in Spain was registered, while the newspaper “Daily Telegraph” appeared in Britain. An important event for the evolution of Catalonia happened in 1870, when electricity was introduced as a driving force. Five years later, in 1875, he reached the vic, the year in which Antonio Machado was born and Hans Christian Andersen died. In 1880, we can see that Gurb grows the number of workers in Malars, since labor in Osona was cheaper than in Barcelona and therefore, many people went to the region. However, there were many more workers outside of Catalonia, and thanks to this, the construction of the tunnel that connected Switzerland and Italy through the Alps could be completed. Three years after the arrival of the railway in Vic, approximately in 1883, the first public railroad for horse-drawn merchandise was inaugurated in Great Britain. And finally, in 1885, Louis Pasteur, a scientist at the Academy of Sciences of France, reported that he has found a method to prevent rabies after the bite of an animal.